In this video Dr. Alfie Sundqvist explains the anatomy and symptoms of hamstring injuries. He explains the difference between traditional treatment and Airrosti’s targeted approach. By targeting pain directly at the source, Airrosti eliminates nagging pain in an average of just three visits. Learn more about Airrosti’s approach to achieving consistent and remarkable results.
The hamstring and quad muscles are responsible for a majority of the power used in moving the lower body. However, these muscles are subject to strains when they are overworked or not warmed up properly. A strain in either of these muscles can make moving around extremely painful, and typical recovery calls for weeks of rest. At Airrosti our providers address the root of your pain, treat it at the source, and equip you with the knowledge and skills to prevent future injuries. Learn more about how we’re able to quickly eliminate pain resulting from pulls, strains, and other acute injuries — getting you back to your activities quickly and safely.
Straining of the hamstring, also known as a pulled hamstring, is defined as an excessive stretch or tear of muscle fibers and related tissues. Hamstring and back injuries are among the most common strains. The hamstring isn’t actually a single “string.” It’s a group of four muscles that run along the back of your thigh, allowing you to bend your leg at the knee.
During a hamstring strain, one or more of these muscles gets overloaded. Depending on the severity of the strain injury, the muscle can actually tear and many people can hear and feel an audible “pop” when the muscle is damaged. You’re most likely to get a hamstring strain during activities that involve a lot of running and jumping or sudden stopping and starting.
There are a variety of potential risk factors for hamstring injuries, including inadequate warming up and poor stretching, muscle weakness (especially weak glutes), poor footwear, and recurrent injury when the muscle hasn’t completely healed from previous damage. Unfortunately, hamstring strains are both common and painful.
Symptoms of a hamstring strain are sudden and severe pain during exercise, along with a snapping or popping feeling; pain in the back of the thigh and lower buttock when walking, straightening the leg, or bending over; tenderness or bruising. Severe strains can be agonizing, making it impossible to walk or even stand.
The quad muscles cover the front of the thigh, and are often injured because they cross two joints: the hip and the knee. A quadriceps strain is a condition that is frequently seen in kicking and running sports. Since the quad muscle is a strong muscle involved in supporting the body’s movement while upright, pulled quads can be painful and crippling injuries.
The quadriceps is responsible for straightening the knee during activity and controlling knee and hip movements and is particularly active during sprinting, jumping, hopping or kicking. Whenever the quadriceps muscle contracts or is put under stress, tension is placed through the quadriceps muscle fibers. When this tension is excessive due to too much repetition or high force, the quadriceps muscle fibers may be torn. When one or more parts of the quadriceps muscle tear, the condition is known as a quadriceps strain.
Small tears in the small muscle fibers of your quadriceps can cause bleeding, inflammation, and swelling on the front of your thigh. You may see bruising, and your thigh may appear larger or puffier than usual. Difficulty bending and straightening your knee joint is another sign of a pulled quad. At the time of injury, you may have heard a popping sound near your joint. Your quads may feel overly tired, stiff, and weak after a muscle pull. When using your quadriceps muscles, your experience of pain and weakness may increase.
Minor to moderate strains will usually heal on their own, given enough time. Your doctor will likely recommend rest and reduced activity. If pain is severe, you may need crutches. Ice is often recommended to reduce pain and swelling, along with compressing and elevating the leg. Anti-inflammatory painkillers are typically recommended for pain management. However, these drugs may have harmful side effects and should only be used short term. Recovery for minor strains is usually one to three weeks with limited activity. Larger tears may require four to eight weeks.
If you’re an athlete or active individual who doesn’t want to sit on the sidelines for several weeks, Airrosti can help. We are able to diagnose and rapidly repair the source of your injury, typically in as few as three visits based on more than 300,000 patient cases.