Headaches & Migraines: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Nagging pain from tension headaches can bring your day to a grinding halt. Join Airrosti’s Dr. Crisp to learn more about the causes of tension headaches and watch as he demonstrates some simple exercises you can do to reduce postural stress and relieve associated pain.

Chronic headaches can be a debilitating condition for many people. They bring on a dull, constant pain that can make one’s head feel as if it’s gripped in a tight band. Muscles in the neck may seem knotted, and certain areas on the head and neck may be sensitive to touch. The main source of pain is tight muscles that irritate nerve endings in the head and neck.


Migraine headaches are one of the most common problems seen in emergency departments and doctors’ offices. According to the National Headache Foundation, more than 37 million Americans suffer from migraines, and it affects three times as many women as men. About 70% to 80% of people with migraines have other members in the family who have them too. Missed work and lost productivity from migraines create a significant public burden. Nevertheless, migraines still remain largely under diagnosed and under treated. Less than half of individuals with migraines are diagnosed by a medical professional.

A migraine headache can cause intense throbbing or a pulsing sensation in one area of the head and is commonly accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can cause significant pain for hours to days and vary in frequency from daily to fewer than one per year.

There are several different types of migraine headaches. People with classic migraines experience an aura, a visual disturbance (outlines of lights or jagged light images) before their headaches. The “common” migraine accounts for 80% of migraine headaches. There is no aura before a common migraine. Status migrainosus is a migraine attack that lasts more than 72 hours.


A tension headache is generally a diffuse, mild to moderate pain in your head that’s often described as feeling like a tight band around your head. Tension headaches can be short-lived and infrequent or they can be enduring and chronic. A tension headache is the most common type of headache, and yet its causes aren’t well understood. Severe tension headaches are commonly misdiagnosed as migraines, cluster, or sinus headaches.

Signs and symptoms of a tension headache include:

  • Dull, aching head pain
  • Sensation of tightness or pressure across your forehead or on the sides and back of your head
  • Tenderness on your scalp, neck and shoulder muscles

Tension headaches are divided into two main categories — episodic and chronic. Episodic tension headaches can last from 30 minutes to a week. If your headaches occur 15 or more days a month for at least three months, they’re considered chronic.


Conventional medical treatments help relieve the symptoms of headaches, but they do not address the root cause of the problem. Traditional treatments include the use of over-the-counter medications, prescription medications and in some cases injections. Daily use of pain relievers or prescription drugs are often prescribed for pain management, but they can have harmful side effects.

Airrosti is different. Learn more about Airrosti’s effective and efficient treatment for resolving the source of chronic headaches and migraines.

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