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Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Back pain is one of the most common conditions we treat at Airrosti. Our providers are expertly trained to accurately pinpoint and resolve the specific source of your back pain, leading to complete and rapid injury resolution in 89% of cases. Learn more about our quality approach to care.

What is back pain?

The human back is composed of a complex structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, discs, and bones – the segments of our spine are cushioned with cartilage-like pads. Problems with any of these components can lead to back pain.

Back pain can be associated with any of the following common conditions Airrosti treats:

The type of pain can be acute, coming on suddenly and persisting for a maximum of three months, or chronic, gradually developing over a longer period and lasting for over three months (causing long-term problems).

What are the causes?

Pain symptoms are more common the older you get, and your risk is increased by lack of physical activity or by carrying extra weight. Your job may also put you at increased risk if you have to lift, push or pull while twisting your spine, or if you sit at a desk all day and do not maintain proper posture.

Discomfort in the upper and mid back is commonly caused by overuse, muscle strain, injury, poor posture, or a herniated disc. Problems in the lower back can be caused by a variety of issues with any parts of the complex, interconnected network of spinal muscles, nerves, bones, discs, or tendons in the lumbar spine, spinal canal, or spinal cord.

What are the symptoms?

Although the causes may be different, most often they share the same symptoms, including:

  • Persistent aching or stiffness anywhere along your spine, from the base of the neck to the tail bone
  • A sharp, localized pain in the neck, upper or lower back — especially after lifting heavy objects or engaging in other strenuous activity
  • A chronic ache in the middle or lower back, especially after sitting or standing for extended periods
  • Pain that radiates from the low back to the buttock, down the thigh, and into the calf and toes
  • An inability to stand straight without pain or muscle spasms in the lower back

What are the Treatment Options?

Simple exercises, including a focus on excellent posture and improved core strength, can help you avoid some of the common risk factors for developing problems in the back.

However, if your health care provider suspects some injury, tests are typically ordered (x-rays, EMGs, MRIs, or CT/bone scans). In many cases, prescription or over-the-counter pain medication will be prescribed, along with anti inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants. Bed rest and long periods of inactivity may be recommended. Other treatments include the application of heat or ice and cortisone injections. In severe or chronic cases, surgery or spinal fusion may be recommended.

How can Airrosti Help?

A thorough evaluation and proper diagnosis is critical to effectively treating your condition. At Airrosti, we pinpoint the injury directly at its source to relieve pain in as few as three visits (based on patient-reported outcomes) with little to no down time. Our hands-on, targeted treatment has helped numerous patients avoid unnecessary surgeries as well.

Schedule an appointment with an Airrosti provider near you today or call us at (800) 404-6050.

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