Shin Splints: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

In this video, Joshua Paulson, DC, discusses the symptoms of shin splints and how this injury differs from other leg injuries. He also explains how traditional treatment methods address this injury versus Airrosti’s targeted approach. We’re dedicated to fixing pain at the source for long-term results.

WHAT ARE SHIN SPLINTS?

Shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, is a condition that causes mild to severe shin pain. This condition can last for several weeks, and even longer if the affected area is not given enough time to rest and recover.
Shin bone injury from running, Splint syndrome

wHAT CAUSES SHIN SPLINTS?

This painful injury is most often caused by repeated stress on the tibia and lower leg muscles. Common mechanical issues that may lead to shin splints include:

  • Hip dysfunction
  • Glute weakness
  • Quadriceps tension or weakness
  • Muscle dysfunction of the tibialis posterior, anterior, or the soleus (calf) muscle
  • Overpronation (rolling the foot inward during movement)

cOMMON RISK FACTORS

Your risk for shin splints depends on several factors. This injury is most often seen in runners and dancers. People are more likely to be affected after ramping up their workout intensity, duration, or pace. Those with flat feet, weak ankles, or who exercise on hard, uneven surfaces are also prone to developing shin splints.

what are the symptoms of shin splints?

Patients with shin splints often experience lower leg pain, shin cramps, and tenderness along the inner side of the shin bone. In some cases, symptoms can also involve mild swelling in the lower leg.

Even though shin pain may subside when you stop exercising, if left untreated this injury can eventually progress into a stress fracture.

Young Rhythmic Gymnastics Athlete Stretching Legs with Resistance Band

What shin splints treatment options are available?

Traditional treatment for shin splints usually involves extended periods of rest so the muscles and shin bone can heal. Shin splints can last for weeks, or even months in severe cases. Your doctor may recommend using cold packs, shoes with arch supports, and taking time to rest. In some cases, you may be referred to a physical therapist for further treatment.


This recovery process can be slow and frustrating, especially for athletes and other active individuals. Without proper treatment, pain, mobility issues, and injury recurrence will likely hinder your recovery.

AIRROSTI Shin splints diagnosis and treatment

older couple running

Fortunately, Airrosti providers are extensively trained to diagnose and treat the root cause of pain associated with shin splints and other injuries. Our targeted approach treating tibial pain at the source can help you quickly return to full activity and avoid injury recurrence. Most patient cases have been resolved in just three visits, based on patient-reported outcomes.

If injuries are keeping you from the activities you love most, schedule an appointment with Airrosti and get back on your feet fast!

Reviewed by Casey Crisp, Doctor of Chiropractic

Disclaimer: Always consult with your doctor before starting any exercise program. If you experience any numbness, tingling or reproduction of your symptoms, please contact your doctor.

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